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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive therapy and behavioral therapy, in other words thinking oriented therapy and action oriented therapy, have become more integrated over the years and according to scientific research appear to produce comparable positive effects. This evolution has resulted in the Cognitive Behavioral Therapy or even better the Integrated Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.

With the help of a fixed framework, basis for the therapeutic process, the treatment is performed within the Cognitive Behavioral Therapy positioning both the thinking and the doing.


Usually this is understood to be the conscious activity that every human being recognizes as deliberate or reflexive thinking. In fact this thinking is not the only form of cognition playing a role in behavior. On the contrary, the most essential role is that of cognitive processing of stimulation taking place subconsciously.


Behavior is usually defined being perceivable human action. In psychological context, behavior is considered being much more complex, i.e. the total of interactions with one’s environment. Behavior is a meaningful reaction on a meaningful situation. Meaningful or significant gives behavior that sense other than reflexive eye blinking, or digestion. Meaningful is defined as the absence of reaction on a physical trigger as such, that is to say the cognitive processing thereof.

Characteristics Cognitive Behavior Therapy’s premises:

  • Cognition central
  • Problem focused
  • Structured and target oriented
  • Action oriented
  • Collaboration of therapist and client are mandatory
  • Educational
  • Time bound; a limited number of sessions defined by “as quickly as possible, as long as necessary”.